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The remaining nine men all served as acting assistant surgeons.  They all served in USCT units or in the contraband hospitals.  The largest of these was the Contraband Hospital in Washington, D.C. which became Freedman’s Hospital after the Civil War and later Howard Hospital as part of Howard University.   The doctors will be listed alphabetically.

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The first of these, Anderson Ruffin Abbot, was a Canadian and had worked with Dr. Augusta in Canada.  He was appointed an acting assistant surgeon in 1863, prior to obtaining his degree, and worked at the Contraband Hospital in Washington during the war.  He returned to Ontario, Canada, where, to supplement his medical license, he received a medical degree from the Toronto College of Medicine in 1867.  Abbott practiced in Ontario until his death in 1913.

Benjamin A. Boseman, from New York, was graduated from the Maine Medical College in 1864, and served in South Carolina during the Civil War.  After the war ended he remained in South Carolina and  served in that state’s legislature from 1868 until 1873 when he was appointed Postmaster of Charleston, South Carolina. He served in that post until his death in 1883.

It’s an interesting read. It’s not too late to add this book to your list of must reads.

Determined To Serve: Black Doctors In The Civil War  was originally published on

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