The Marine Corps is celebrating its 240th birthday Nov. 10. Here are things to know about one of America’s most elite fighting forces:
Marine Corps birthday
Nov. 10 is the official birthday of the U.S. Marine Corps. The Marine Corps traces its roots back to the Second Continental Congress in 1775, which established a resolution stating that “two Battalions of Marines be raised” as forces to land with the fleet. The Marines were on hand for the first amphibious raid into the Bahamas in 1776 under the command of Capt. Samuel Nichols.
The Marine Corps marks the occasion with an annual Birthday Ball, the reading of a birthday message from the Commandant and the cutting of a birthday cake.
Latin for “Always Faithful,” Semper Fidelis became the Marine Corps motto in 1883. According to the Marine Corps, Semper Fidelis is a permanent reminder that “a Marine will forever live by the ethics and values of the Corps.”
Eagle, Globe and Anchor
The Marines have three main symbols: the Eagle, the Globe and the Anchor. The Eagle represents the country they defend, with its eyes on the coastline and wings spread out to encompass the world. The Globe represents the Marine’s worldwide presence. The anchor represents the ties the Marine Corps has with the Navy and its ability to access any coastline in the world.